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Repository Tour


NJ State Archives—Part 1

This series highlights local repositories and underutilized resources that may be of interest to GSBC Members. If you have a repository or library you would like to see included in this series, please send your suggestions to Archivist editor, Michelle D. Novak, at GSBCArchivist@iCloud.com


“So what are the top-five things that I absolutely must see?” When I start researching for a repository tour article, I like to ask the same question of the Librarian or Archivist manning the information desk. At the NJ State Archives, it seems that you can ask that same question each time you visit and get a completely new answer.

“Vital records are, of course, first-up,” said Senior Reference Archivist, Bette Epstein, “trust marriage over death; wills; naturalizations.” She recommends marriage over death records as “those who filled out the form were more likely to get their names and those of their relatives right—those filling out a death record may get a lot of this wrong.” Epstein continued, “Sometimes you find a woman on a census of marrying age and she disappears. You don’t know whether she died, or was married, or to whom. We have a bride’s index through 1945 which lists brides by their maiden names so if you don’t know the name of the husband, or it might be spelled differently, you can still find them.” The vital records are microfilmed by surname so if the spelling is a little off, you can usually find them just by browsing. “We can’t do this with mail orders, we can only search the spelling you give us, so it’s always better to come in person if you can.” (Or find a researcher to do the lookups for you.) “And most people completely forget about the Chancery Courts…” It’s a lot to take in.

But this is the kind of advice that’s makes the drive (or GSBC carpool) to Trenton worthwhile—and vitals are only the tip of the iceberg. Getting familiar with the NJ State Archives might help you, as it did for me, knock a brick or two out of that stubborn wall.

On my first trip to the NJ State Archives, I immediately got busy collecting all the imaginatively-spelled vital records for my father’s family who immigrated from Galicia in 1911. By the end of the day, I had accomplished more in one day than I had in years of searching online. Each time I visit, I’m able to peel back another layer of my family’s history, learn something new about the times they lived in, and, sometimes, can even hold a letter that they wrote 200+ years ago! In short, the more you search, the more there is to discover.

Now, I admit that I feel a little silly writing an article promoting an archive to genealogists, but I find that many researchers I meet have never been or felt that they had seen everything there was to see. Not so!

Part one of this article will focus on some of the basics and where to start. Additional installments will delve into underused records, manuscripts, and newly-added (yes, new!) records at the Archives—some of which may surprise you. The entire article, as well as helpful charts and links, will be published in installments to www.njgsbc.org


What are the ‘Must-use’ Resources?

Vital Records—When you think of a state archive, you think of vital records (e.g., births, marriages, deaths)—and access to records at the NJ State Archives does not disappoint.

Vital records are released to the NJ State Archives 100 years after the event year. These records may be ordered via mail or e-mail (no phone orders). All microfilm is easily accessible to on-site researchers.

  • 1 May 1848–31 Dec 1915 (or more than 100 years from event year)—Copies from microfilm may be ordered online or via mail; all microfilmed records in Microfilm Room cabinets for on-site use.

Other records are more current but these can be used only in person at the Archives or ordered from the NJ State Department of Health.

  • 1 January 1916 (or less than 100 Years from event year)–Today
    • The Archives contains microfilm copies of Department of Health Certificates for on-site use only (no orders) for:
      • Births: 1 January 1916–31 December 1924
      • Marriages: 1 January 1916–31 December 1941
      • Deaths: 1 January 1916–31 December 1955
    • For years more recent than the years listed above, order records from the NJ Department of Health; photo ID and proof of relationship to subject may be required

The Archives contains a rich collection and records exist back the earliest settlers of the state. In general, records were collected at the state level (usually in the form of copies of County Clerk ledgers) beginning 1 May 1848. Certificates were initiated at the State level on 1 June 1878.

Vital Records / Birth Records

  • Microfilmed records are available from 1848–1915 (in-person and orders) and 1916–1924 (in-person only).
  • Some early birth records, 1848–1900, were refiled as “Birth Corrections” due to errors in the original records.
  • There is also a separate collection of “Delayed Birth Filings” for those individuals who later discovered that there was no birth record on file.
  • Pre-1848, no birth records were filed at any government level, except for children born to slaves who were recorded at the County level after the 1804 Manumissions Act (gradual abolition of slavery).

Vital Records / Marriage Records

  • Microfilmed records are available from 1848–1915 (in-person and orders) and 1916–1941 (in-person only).
  • The records are organized by year and then by the groom’s surname.
  • Any legal name changes, or adopted alternate spellings, are usually recorded in the same microfilm roll so that the marriage return accurately reflects the name in use at the time.
  • A typical marriage record may contain a wealth of information including parents, addresses, ethnicity, birth dates, etc..
  • Marriages pre-1848 were recorded by the County Clerk. The Archives holds the original County registers from eight NJ Counties.
  • Marriage bonds from 1711–1795 and marriages from 1848-1878 are indexed online. (See links at end.)

Vital Records / Marriage Records / Bride’s Index

  • In addition to the above marriage records (which are filed by groom’s surname) the Archives also maintains a separate index organized by the bride’s maiden name. This can be helpful if the married name is not known or if the married name was later changed.

Vital Records / Death Records

  • Microfilmed records are available from 1848–1915 (in-person and orders) and 1916–1955 (in-person only).
  • Death records contain an interesting amount of information and many include the cause of death, or at least as it was known at the time.
  • In most cases, a death certificate (deceased after 1 June 1878) was filed with the State of NJ—even if the NJ citizen died out-of-state.
  • Inquisitions of the Dead, indexed by name, 1688–1798.

Prior to vital records, researchers use other sources to identify their subjects. These include records such as:

Name-Change Judgments

  • Duplicates of County records of legal name changes, indexed by original name and new name, 1876-1947.

Wills, Inventories, and Estates Records

  • The Manuscript Room at the Archives contains an extensive card catalog index of wills and estate inventories, 1670–1953.
  • All wills in the collection are available on microfilm. (Originals may be pulled where microfilm in unreadable, at the staff’s discretion.)
  • Original wills are available for those prior to 1900.
  • After 1900, the State only keeps original wills for individuals of note (e.g., governors), others were destroyed after microfilming. These records do not usually contain inventories.

County Surrogate Offices—Records from all NJ counties (except Morris County), 1785-1900. Surrogates qualify executors and trustees named in wills, handle estates for those who die without a will, appoint guardians, oversees contested estate matters, and processes adoptions.

Prerogative Court Records­—Records from orphans’ court and from estates where property spanned more than one county, 1830s–1948. (Keep in mind the County border fluctuations prior to the 1900s!)


What are the Hours, Fees, and Other Information?

  • The NJ State Archives is located at 225 West State Street, 2nd Floor, Trenton, NJ 08625. www.nj.gov/state/archives/directions.html
  • Parking is available in metered spots on the street or in the nearby Capitol Complex parking garage (free). The entrance to the garage is a few hundred feet from the Archives, down a ramp and through a security checkpoint. (Visitors’ parking is not well-marked from the street.) The Archives are a few minutes walk from the parking garage.
  • Hours are Monday–Friday (except State Holidays)
    • Microfilm Research—8:30am to 4:15pm
    • Manuscript Research—1:00pm to 4:15pm
  • The facility is handicap-accessible throughout.
  • All coats, bags, purses, briefcases and laptop bags, folders, and pens must be checked. A locker is provided for your use free of charge.
  • Printouts or photocopies made on-site are $0.50 per page.
  • Reproduction for other materials are detailed online at http://nj.gov/state/archives/pdf/reproduction.pdf
  • Microfilm is self-serve; there are collection guides atop each cabinet.
  • The Microfilm room contains numerous microfilm viewers. At busy times there may be a sign-up at the front desk.
  • The facility also contains a research library focused on NJ history, guides, maps, and legislative history.
  • The GSBC conducts carpools to the Archives contact Ree Hopper if interested in joining us on a future excursion, reetree@optonline.com

What Can I research Online?

The Archives has a few indexes online and records may be ordered via the website (no phone orders). Once you find a record of interest, click through to “Select” the document. This will add the items to your cart. You can check out electronically or print an order form and mail it.

https://wwwnet1.state.nj.us/DOS/Admin/ArchivesDBPortal/index.aspx

http://nj.gov/state/archives/pdf/GenealogicalRecords.pdf


How Can I contact a Research Specialist?

The staff and volunteers at the NJ State Archives is extremely knowledgeable about the collections and they are very responsive.


[To be continued.]

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